NCE is an acronym for  'New Commercial Enterprise' and the term is used in EB-5 to identify the entity, partnership or LLC that EB-5 petitioners will invest in, and the New Commercial Enterprise is a requirement of the US EB 5 program. This entity is often a different entity from the 'Job Creating Entity' (JCE) which the NCE makes an investment into on behalf of the investors, sometimes in the form of a loan from the NCE to the JCE and sometimes in the form of equity, whereby the NCE becomes an equity partner in the JCE.

There are no restrictions on the type of business investors or an NCE can invest in, as long as it is a new business enterprise or the investment is made into a failing business to save jobs, but in both cases the investment must create or save at least ten (10) jobs per investor.